The northern shore of Lake Qarun in the Faiyum Depression, from Kom Aushim in the east to Quta in the west is one of the most archaeologically sensitive areas in Egypt. It is one of the few places in the world where a nearly pristine archaeological landscape can be studied. Not only is it archaeologically important, but it is rich in fossils of extinct animals and contains a petrified forest. The discovery in the 1920s of Neolithic (Early Neolithic 5,550-4,650 and Late Neolithic 4,650- 4,200 BC) and Epipalaeolithic (7,200-6,200 BC) sites in this region by Gertrude Caton-Thompson and Elinor W. Gardiner rank amongst the most important in the history of Egyptology.
Hidden in the desert in the north of Lake Qaroun, and in fact blending into the hills behind it, the temple was lost years ago and discovered by the archaeologist Schweinfurth in 1884. A plan, later amended by Petrie, was published in 1892 by Hanbury Brown.
Madinet Madi town is located in a small hill of a strategic position guarding the southwestern entrance to the Fayoum about 35 km far from Medinet El-Fayoum. The town was called D3 in Hieroglyphs, while during the Greek period it was identified as Narmouthis (Bresciani, 1980). The name Madi, which means “City of the Past”, seems to have originated from the Arab existence. A document, dates back to the ninth century AD., has been found in the site mentioning Madi as the name of the site
The complex was built by the architect Anupy for king Senusert II in the 12th dynasty (Vivan,2000). The complex consists of the mud brick pyramid and eight mastabas (small non – pyramidal structures) to the north of the pyramid, and the so – called Queen’s pyramid.
The pyramid at Seila (Silah or Sila) is located to Noth Eastern part the of Fayoum city. It is sit to the south of Kom el-Hammam on the east of the Fayoum Oasis near to the necropolis of Meidum.
The pyramid was composed of four courses of limestone bound by clay and sand mortar. It is aligned on a north-south axis with an almost perfect cardinal orientation. No internal chambers have been found but the central core of the pyramid is damaged and it is suggested that this may be the work of tomb robbers so it is possible that there were internal chambers when it was intact. There remains of a brick and stone portico which held an offering altar and statue have been found at the site implying that there was an active cult here at some point.