The phenomenon of the alignment of the sun on Qasr Qaroun temple is as important as that of the great temple of Abu Simbel.
Despite the differences between the two temples regarding each one’s Location, Goal and Date of Foundation, in addition to, the differences regarding each one’s Sun alignment date, however ,both have resemblance regarding sun rotation at the holy of the holies of the two temples at the time of the sun rises.
Madinet Madi Archaeological site is located in a small hill of a strategic position guarding the southwestern entrance to the Fayoum about 35 km far from Medinet El-Fayoum. The town was called Dj3 in Hieroglyphs, while during the Greek period it was identified as Narmouthis (Bresciani, 1980). The name Madi, which means “City of the Past”, seems to have originated from the Arab existence. A document, dates back to the ninth century AD., has been found in the site mentioning Madi as the name of the site
Karanis Greaco Roman town, the extensive ruins of Karanis are situated near the modern village of Kom Oshim to the north east of Qarun Lake and more than 30 km north of Medinet El-Fayoum just on Fayoum – Cairo desert road . The ruins of karanis at kom oshem are among the best preserved, and certainly the most easily accessible, of Ptolemaic / Roman town sites in the Fayoum . Karanis was founded in the third century BC by Ptolemy II to provide lodgings for mercenaries of his army camped in the site. Then it became the largest and most important Greco Roman town in the Fayoum. with an original population of some 3.000 people , Karanis continued to prosper for about seven centuries. It began to decline during the fourth and fifth centuries AD.
Mummy portraits or Fayum portraits are the most astonishing body of painting to have come to us from the ancient world, they are remarkable for their social importance and for their quality as art.
In the late 1880s some mysterious portraits started to reach Western Europe and the United States of America. They came from Egypt’s Fayoum. A large collection was possessed by an Austrian man, Theodor Graf but the better documented ones were found at Hawara by the British archaeologist , W.M. Flinders Petrie.
” Fayoum Portraits ” is the name which has given to describe them because more have been found in the Fayoum Oasis than anywhere else in Egypt.
In technique ; some are painted in encaustic and some in tempera; some are on panel and some on linen ; some show heads only and some entire figures. Some seem to have been painted from life and hung on the wall in frames.